What is a T1 document?

The T1 document is mainly required for cross-border movement of goods where so-called non-Union goods are transported within the EU and EFTA states. 

It enables goods to be transported under customs supervision from a consignor to the consignee without having to go through customs formalities again at each border crossing. In addition, the T1 customs document facilitates the smooth transit of goods through different countries without them being subject to final import taxation and customs clearance.

The following information is stored in the T1 customs document:

  • Information about the consignor and consignee
  • Number and total weight of packages
  • Commodity codes (Harmonized System (HS) codes)
  • Place of origin and destination

The T1 transit procedure

After filling out the T1 form, the T1 procedure is initiated by customs during customs clearance at the point of departure. The goods described in the T1 form are usually presented at the customs office of departure within seven days, which carries out the inspection and identity verification of the goods. However, the time span can vary depending on the transportation route.

The T1 transit procedure initiated as a result ensures that no customs clearance and taxation takes place within the EU and ETFA area. These are only incurred at the destination. It also enables goods to be tracked seamlessly from the consignor to the consignee.

Tip: With an authorization as an authorized consignor with registered loading places, presentation at the customs office of departure is not required. Customs clearance is then possible in the country of consignee, which speeds up the entire customs process.

Summary of the advantages of the T1 document

Simplified customs clearance: Goods are transported under customs supervision without having to complete customs formalities at every border crossing. This speeds up the transit process considerably and reduces bureaucratic hurdles.

Simplified trade: The T1 document facilitates trade in non-Union goods within the EU and EFTA states.

Cost savings: As customs clearance and payments are only due at the destination, there is no need to pay customs duties at every border crossing. This enables better capital planning and liquidity management.

Traceability of the goods: Seamless tracking of the goods from consignor to consignee.

Difference between T1 and T2

The counterpart of the T1 transit procedure is the T2 transit procedure. The difference between T1 and T2 is that T1 is issued for non-Union goods, while T2 is used for Union goods.